The 15th century saw a further blossoming of the realistic approach to art. Light, perspective, naturalism, and realistic anatomy (exemplified by the work of Leonardo da Vinci) all contributed to the increase in the realistic portrayal of various subjects whether human, animal, landscapes, or inanimate objects. Underlying these changes in artistic method was the desire to depict the beauty of nature and unravel the axiom of aesthetics.
Leonardo da Vinci, Donatello Buonarroti, Raphael, Sandro Botticelli, Michaelangelo, Leon Battista Alberti, Filippo Brunelleschi, Hugo van der Goes, Jan van Eyck, Pieter Brueghel the Elder. These and many others are tremendous artists lived in an exciting and vibrant time where new techniques and mediums were being developed and old styles were being re-explored. Works such as the Mona Lisa, Cistene Chapel, David. These works represent the pinnacle of artistic achievement.